Useful Information


We have created this page in order to inform in more detail questions that often arise about the breed.

Do you know that:
Rectal temperature: 38-39ºC
Respiratory rate: 10-40 breaths per minute
Heat: Generally 2 times a year with an average duration of 12 to 20 days
Period favorable to mating: Between the 9th and the 13th day of the general rule heat
Duration of pregnancy: between 57 and 63 days

The choice of breed: Please note this item because a dog has the average life expectancy of about 12 years and so this friend will accompany you for a long time. Also, always keep in mind the size and type of dog you want to buy and whether it is going to fit your lifestyle and even the place where you live. Very important in the dog's choice is the place where will acquire. Choose to always visit two or three breeders and note the place where they are, if the parents are present, if there are documents in which case parents do all kinds of questions you find relevant.

Education: This is the determining factor for tomorrow have a loyal friend. Never forget that it is at this stage of life that the dog will acquire four key factors in their future life: self-control, communication, prioritization and insight. Because from an early age should start by socializing the dog with the environment, other animals and people.

Health and Hygiene: This is undoubtedly an important point of your four-legged friend. One of the first steps to take is the choice of a veterinarian. It is through this professional who must keep track of the vaccines that the dog must always be on time. In large breed dogs it is essential to pay attention to the growth factor. Pathologies such as Hip Dysplasia are not purely genetic and is now proven that the power and physical space where the dog grows are factors of extreme importance. Also important to be weekly brushing dogs as well as a regular cleaning of the ears and eyes. always keep in mind that the dog should be dewormed regularly.

Infectious diseases

The Distemper: Very contagious, this disease infects animals of all ages causing fever, respiratory disorders such as rhinitis or bronchopneumonia, digestive, skin and nerve changes and its outcome often deadly.

Hepatitis: Hepatitis causes fever and a strong liver failure.

The Parvovirus: Extremely contagious this disease is responsible for severe hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. It is responsible for a high number of deaths in pupies.

Leptospirosis: The Leptospira bacteria are transmitted by the urine of rodents. Can infect animals and humans causing in the case of dog liver and kidney change often fatal.

Canine Rabies: Transmits up through bites. It is transmitted to humans and often deadly. It is compulsory in Portugal vaccination in canids.

The Cough Kennel: The origin of this disease are a number of agents (bacteria and viruses) which result in much more or less severe dry cough and normally affects dogs that are in contact with other including kennels and exhibitions. There is already a vaccine.

The Piroplasmosis or Babesiosis: This disease is caused by a blood parasite, piroplasma, which is transmitted by ticks. The most common symptoms are fatigue, high fever and dark urine. Causing in many cases a kidney and liver disorders can be fatal in a few days if not treated. Prevention is the best medicine in these cases with the use of anti external parasites that are for sale at any pet store or veterinarian.

Lyme disease: Transmitted by tick also affects humans. It is not very common in Portugal. Its symptoms are fever, loss of appetite and incoordination. This framework can however evolve to joint, heart or nerve changes.

The herpes virus: Triggered by a herpesvirus takes a very varied symptoms affecting mainly pregnant females. Symptoms usually reach newborns can lead them to death around 48 to 96 hours of life, showing symptoms of loss of appetite and lack of interest in food.

The syndrome dilation or stomach twist: Mortal when not detected a short time. The most common symptoms are nausea, vomiting, hyper-salivation, followed by dilation of the front of the abdomen, breathing difficulties with subsequent shock evolving to coma and death. Requires surgery within up to 2 or 3 hours. It can be avoided with some preventive measures such as division of meals 2 or 3 times a day with the least amount, not to ingestion of large amounts of water after exercise, and to maintain the dog in a place with little agitation. Usually this condition is most affects large breed dogs.

The Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a condition that results from excessive laxity of the femoral head in the joint cavity of the hip. The articulation of a normal hip there is close contact between the articular surfaces of the cotyle (joint cavity of the basin) and the femoral head (and spherical). In dysplasia there is an abnormal laxity of the joint, with an abnormal development of cotyle and the femoral head. The hip dysplasia is the abnormal development of the hip joint. Animals with hip dysplasia (DA) may have subluxation (complete or partial separation) or dislocation (complete separation) of the femoral head in the acetabulum. Appears frequently in young animals, mainly due to the laxity of the round ligament, which connects the femoral head to the acetabulum.

Degrees of Hip Dysplasia

• Degree A – No sign of dysplasia
• Degree B – Intermediate State: bad coaptation between the femoral head and the acetabulum; angle Norbert Olson> 105º
• Degree C – Mild dysplasia: bad coaptation with angle Norbert Olson> 100º
• Degree D – Dysplasia average: bad coaptation with arthrosis sign
• Degree E – Severe dysplasia: dislocation or subluxation of the femoral head with arthrosis


1. Femur

2. Muscles

3. Pelvis

4. Acetabulum (the cavity that receives the Femur Head)

5. Head of Femur

6. Coccygeal vertebrae (Tail Base)

These are some information which we consider useful for those who have or wish to have a dog. Obviously all the issues here are focused on a superficial and informative way. We recommend that in case of doubt always contact the veterinarian.

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